Stamp - History
1 Penny Black issued at 5/6/1840
A historical overview of the world of postage stamps and of stamp collecting
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The first official central royal mail office was opened in England 1516.
Nearly 300 years later Sir Rowland Hill suggested 1835 that letters until the weight of a half english ounze (14.5 g) should be carried for a uniform fee of 1 Penny.
The receiver had no longer to pay the postage fee, but the sender. The sender had to use stamps:
The World Post Society UPU was founded 1875.
Short after the issue of the first stamps the first collectors of stamps were found. First, most people laughed at these collectors. But soon they became more and more. The first collectors collected stamps of the whole world because there were not so much issues at the beginning. These stamps were stored in the most different ways. There were collectors who collected their stamps on a string or affixed their stamps on a wallpaper. This was not a good way collecting stamps. Therefore the first stamp books appeared. The stamps were glued with paste into the books. This was also not a good treatment for the stamps. The stamps finally could be handled with more care with the invention of the hinge 1889.
The first association for stamp collectors was founded 1856 in the USA: The
"Omnibusclub". There were not only collectors of stamps but also collectors of
bugs and so on. The first pure stamp association was the 1866 in the USA founded
"The Monthly Advertiser" was the first stamp magazine. It appeared for the first time 12/15/1862 in Liverpool
Famous Collectors and their Collections
Dr. John Edward Gray claimed to be the first collector of stamps.
We can find a lot of famous collections at royalties. The english royalty has the most
famous collection with very much world rarities especially from Great Britain and its
The collection of
Philipp la Renotière of Ferrary was
the most famous private stamp collection.
|Country||First Day of Issue||Stamp|
|Great Britain||5/6/1840||Head of Queen Victoria, "Black Penny"|
|Canton Zurich||3/1/1843||Digit on background with net
|Brazil||7/1/1843||"Ox Eye", Digit
|Canton Geneve||9/30/1843||"Doppelgenf", Coat of arms
|Canton Basel||7/1/1845||"Basler Täubchen"
Franklin and Washington
(Issues of postmasters were issued earlier , first issue 1842)
|Mauritius||9/21/1847||"Blue and orange Mauritius", Queen Victoria|
|Bermuda||1848||Local post, Bermuda 1 Penny,
Postmaster P. Hamilton
|France||1/1/1849||Head of Ceres|
|Bavaria||11/1/1849||"Schwarzer Einser", Digit
|Spain||1/1/1850||Queen Isabella II.|
|New South Wales||1/10/1850||Sydney and Imigrants|
|Victoria||1/15/1850||Queen Victoria, sitting|
|Switzerland||4/4/1850||Coat of arms and posthorn|
|Austria||6/1/1850||Coat of arms|
|British Guayana||7/1/1850||Circle with name of postmaster|
Answer of sammler.com
You are right. The first woman on a stamp was Queen Victoria. It was the Black Penny. This stamp was issued by the United Kingdom.
Should be both $1 AND 5 cent values. Two references with pictures:
Also, there was an 8 cent value Martha Washington U.S. stamp in 1902.
The first US stamps with women were:
|1893 Columbus set
1 ct "Columbus in sight of land"
5 ct "Columbus bolicting aid of Isabella"
There are a lot of persons on this stamp:
Queen Isabella of Spain and a lot of men
8 ct "Columbus Restored to Favor" with Queen Isabella
$1 "Isabella Pledging Her Jewels" with Queen Isabella
$4 "Isabella and Columbus " with Queen Isabella
The first US stamp with only a woman
8 ct, 1902 Martha Washington
3 ct, 1919 Goddess Victoria
The first stamp with a important woman as a real existing person
3 ct, 1936 Susan B. Anthony who fighted for women rights in the USA
1 1/2 ct, Martha Washington was issued as first not commemorative stamp with a woman 1938
Susan B. Anthony and Martha Washington
I recently found your interesting and comprehensive collector's web site. Under your "History" label you are asking for information about the history of other countries, and I would like to inform you about my own site of Bulgarian stamps and history.
I am a Norwegian stamp collector with a parallel interest in history. I make my own stamp albums with historical information about every person/event pictured on the stamps. My current focus is Bulgaria with areas, up to 1946.
I have used scanned stamps from my own collection to make a "Philatelic Journey through the History of Bulgaria". You can also see my Bulgarian stamp album (actually, you can download the complete album, but it is not
translated to English yet.....). The address is: http://home.enitel.no/bhb/stamps.htm
Kind regards, Bjorn H. Bakken Trondheim, Norway
|I am a writer currently working on an animated series for CBS called
The episode I am writing is sponsored in part by the U.S. Post Office and has to do with stamp collecting and the history of stamps. Your web page was most helpful and I am only sorry that I didn't find it earlier. I am including it in my script so the animators can find out what some of these stamps look like.
"From the Files of Flying Rhino Jr.
High" is an animated show being developed for CBS's Saturday morning line-up. It
involves a group of kids who have to battle a former student (Earl) who lives in the
depths of the school's boiler room. Earl is a "Phantom" type character who
through his huge computer can morph the school into whatever setting he pleases. One week
it will be back in time when dinosaurs ruled the earth, or space, or underwater. Our gang
has to use their knowledge and wits to transform the school back to its normal state.
During their way the kids will learn a lesson about life and an education lesson about
whatever the school has been changed into. In my episode "Inverted and Ungluded"
one of the kids (Marcus) is a philatelic, much to the ridicule of his friends. "How
boring" is the standard reaction. It is not until he reveals that he has found a
"Curtiss Jenny Inverted" and that it is worth a lot of money do his friends seem
interested in stamps.
This episode is sponsored by U.S. Post to show kids that stamp collecting can be fun!
Every episode has to contain actual facts about the educational part of the story. Marcus gives a presentation on the history of stamps. Your concise descriptions helped my write that presentation. I also included the web pages of the stamps so the illustrators can click on and see what they are drawing.
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